Hyphenating words

You have several choices regarding hyphenation: let Writer do it automatically (using its hyphenation dictionaries), manually insert conditional hyphens where necessary, or don’t hyphenate at all. Each choice has its pros and cons. I personally prefer manually-inserted conditional hyphenation when using fully-justified para­graph alignment, and no hyphenation when using left-aligned (ragged-right) paragraphs.

If you let Writer hyphenate words automatically, you’ll need to carefully check for incorrect hyphenation and correct it when proof­reading your book .

To turn automatic hyphenation of words on or off:

  1. On the Paragraph Styles page of the Styles and Format­ting window, right-click on Default and select Modify.
  2. On the Paragraph Style dialog, select the Text Flow tab.
  3. Under Hyphenation, select or deselect the Automatically option.
  4. Click OK to save.
Turning on automatic hyphenation

Turning on automatic hyphenation

Note: Turning on hyphenation for the Default paragraph style affects all other paragraph styles that are based on Default. You can individually change other styles so that hyphenation is not active; for example, you might not want headings to be hyphenated. Any styles that are not based on Default are not affected and must be set separately if you want them hyphenated as well.

You can also set hyphenation choices through Tools > Options > Language Settings > Writing Aids. In Options, near the bottom of the dialog, scroll down to find the hyphenation settings.

Setting hyphenation options

Setting hyphenation options

To change the minimum number of characters for hyphenation, the minimum number of characters before a line break, or the minimum number of characters after a line break, select the item, and then click Edit.

Hyphenate without inquiry specifies that you will never be asked to manually hyphenate words that the hyphenation dictionary does not recognize. If this box is not selected, when a word is not recognized, a dialog will open where you can manually enter hyphens.

Hyphenate special regions specifies that hyphenation will also be carried out in footnotes, headers, and footers.

Hyphenation options set on the Writing Aids dialog are effective only if hyphenation is turned on through paragraph styles.

Choices on the Writing Aids dialog for “characters before line break” and “characters after line break” override settings in paragraph styles for “characters at line end” and “characters at line begin”.

To enter a conditional hyphen inside a word, press Control+minus sign. The word is hyphenated at this position when it is at the end of the line, even if automatic hyphenation for this paragraph is switched off.

Manual hyphenation

To be written. Explain about using conditional hyphens, not “hard” hyphens.

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